Gallery

The 23 Nations Where Hunger Is Most Severe

The 2012 FAO Hunger Report gives the percent of the population suffering from undernourishment (hunger) in each nation. A few nations had no data in the 2012 Report; the most recent data was in the 2008 FAO Hunger Report. The total population of each nation was taken from the CIA World Fact Book. The following list includes every nation in which 30% or more of the population is undernourished, according to FAO data. Several nations, marked with an asterisk* below, were formerly below 30%, and now have risen above 30%.

Proportion of Undernourished in Total Population
2012 data / Nation (population)

73.4% Burundi (10,557,259)
65.4% Eritrea (6,086,495)
47.4% Zambia (13,817,479)
44.5% Haiti (9,801,664)
40.2% Ethiopia (91,195,675)
39.4% Sudan* (34,206,710)
39.2% Mozambique (23,515,934)
38.8% Tanzania (46,912,768)
37.4% Congo* (4,366,266)
34.6% Uganda* (33,640,833)
33.9% Namibia* (2,165,828)
33.4% Chad (10,975,648)
33.4% Madagascar (22,005,222)
32.8% Zimbabwe (12,619,600)
32.4% Yemen (24,771,809)
32.0% North Korea (24,589,122)
31.7% Tajikistan (7,768,385)
31.4% Liberia (3,887,886)
30.4% Guatemala* (14,099,032)
30.4% Kenya (43,013,341)
30.0% Central African Republic (5,057,208)

There was no 2012 data for two nations that were listed in the 2008 Report as among the most severely afflicted by hunger:
2008 data / Nation (population)
76% Democratic Republic of the Congo (73,599,190)
30% Gambia (1,840,454)

Here is a chart summarizing the data; click the image below enlarge:

23-nations

The chart is also available as a PDF file here.

Total estimated population in these 23 nations: 520,493,808 persons. That figure is just over 7.4% of the total world population of 7 billion persons (or just over 7.6% for a total population of 6.8 billion). The total number of hungry in those 23 worst-afflicted nations is 224,305,897 persons, which is 43.1% of the total population in those nations.

If there are 868 million undernourished persons in the whole world, as the 2012 FAO Hunger Report states (for 2010/2012), then the 225 million in the 23 worst-afflicted nations represent 26% of the hungry. If we estimate the total hungry as one billion, then the 225 million are 22.5% of the total undernourished. So those 23 nations represent 22 to 26% of the entire hunger problem. Those nations also represent the places where hunger is most intense, affecting a large percentage of the population.

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